The Chinese year is also popularly known as the Lunar New Year and Spring Festival. This event is the most significant communal and fiscal festival in China. This celebration of the Chinese is linked to the lunar-solar Chinese calendar. The festival celebrates and pays tribute to the household and holy beings along with their ancestors. Apart from all of these honors that are given it is a holiday period that unites all of the families together for extensive meals. Ever since the western calendar took over all parts of the world including china and there was less emphasis on their own calendar and naturally, the 1st of January is celebrated as the New Year day along with the entire world. However, in order to place emphasis and remember their own traditions and values the Chinese carry on rejoicing and observing their customary Chinese New Year with an alternate and modern name of spring festival. Younger generations have now modernized and given a new touch to this festival in the form of giving time to their families and in terms of leisure and entertainment.
The original and antique calendar that forms the basis of the Chinese New Year plays the role of a religious and communal guide to keep everyone on track of the traditions and customs. Prophecy bones engraved with historical records prove that it has survived as long as the 14th century B.C. This calendar, however, has been variable and not in its very original form. So it varied according to various regions and parts of china.
The Chinese calendar was a multifaceted chronometer. Its limits were placed in accordance with the planetary stages. Yin and Yang ruled over the traditional calendar along with the Chinese zodiac signs. There are twelve zodiac animals, rat, ox, tiger, rabbit, dragon, snake, horse, sheep, monkey, rooster, dog and pig, which spot the traits of each year.
ADVANCEMENT OF SPRING FESTIVAL
Roughly around 1996, Chinese government organized for a one week holiday which is now, in the modern era, popularly called as the spring festival. This vacation period gives Chinese people the chance to go home and spend and celebrate the festival with their families at home.
During the 21st century it was a tradition that most of the Chinese families spent a generous sum of their income in rejoicing the spring festival with their customary rituals and obviously food, which comes in at any occasion. There is also a TV show featuring all the traditional singers, dancers and even magicians, on the occasion of New Year. All of the families spend time viewing this customary televised show. Along with this people give extra importance to the zodiac animals.
However, the younger generation of this modern day and age does not take this festival as seriously as the older ones. There is a major variance in attitude with less importance being given and younger generation giving importance to sleep, internet, and other extra activities over the celebration of the festival. Also, the customary New Year food is not preferred as much nowadays. It is taken more as a vacation or family time than a festival.
So, this is the Chinese new year, its history and its importance now.